Coronavirus (COVID-19) – symptoms, signs, general information, answers to questions.
General characteristics of the coronavirus.
New coronavirus infection (COVID-19) is a disease that affects the human respiratory system.
Where did the coronavirus come from?
The spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus began from the Chinese city of Wuhan. Last year, there was a massive outbreak of the disease. According to the latest data, about 34 million cases of coronavirus infection have been identified in the world today.
How is coronavirus transmitted.
Airborne droplets (coughing and sneezing). By contact (through touch).
The virus can be transmitted through subway handrails, doorknobs and other surfaces.
Symptoms and signs of coronavirus in humans.
Important: Similar symptoms occur in patients with ARVI or influenza. If they are found, you must immediately consult a doctor to get medical help and exclude coronavirus.
_ Labored breathing;
_ Sneezing, coughing, and nasal congestion;
_ Pain in muscles and chest;
_ Headache and weakness;
_ Possible nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Stay home and see your doctor if:
You have been in contact with a person infected with COVID-19;
Returned from a country with an outbreak;
If you have a fever, cough and shortness of breath.
Prevention of coronavirus:
Wash your hands
Always wash your hands when you come to work or return home. For prophylaxis, wet wipes or disinfectant solutions are also suitable.
Don’t touch your face with your hands
Keep your hands away from your nose and eyes. The fastest virus enters the body through the mucous membrane. Always cover yourself with a handkerchief when sneezing.
Avoid large crowds
Avoid unnecessary travel and do not go to crowded places.
For a while, while different countries of the world are fighting the corona virus, you should not travel abroad. Especially where the situation with the coronavirus is extremely difficult.
How to wear a mask correctly?
Masks can be of different designs. They can be one-time use or can be reused. There are masks that last 2, 4, 6 hours. The cost of these masks is different, due to the different impregnation. But you can’t wear the same mask all the time, so you can infect yourself twice. Which side to wear a medical mask inward is not a matter of principle.
To protect yourself from infection, it is extremely important to wear it correctly:_ the usual medical mask must be changed every 2 hours
_ the mask should be carefully fixed, tightly covering the mouth and nose, leaving no gaps;
try not to touch the surfaces of the mask when removing it, if you touched it, wash your hands thoroughly with soap or alcohol;
_ a wet or damp mask should be changed to a new, dry one;
_ do not reuse a disposable mask;
_ the used disposable mask should be discarded immediately.
When caring for a patient, after the end of contact with a sick person, the mask should be removed immediately. After removing the mask, wash your hands immediately and thoroughly.
A mask is appropriate if you are in a crowded area, on public transport, and when caring for a sick person, but it is not advisable in the open air.
It is good to breathe fresh air while you are outdoors and you should not wear a mask. At the same time, doctors remind that this single measure does not provide complete protection against the disease. In addition to wearing a mask, other preventive measures must be followed.
What to do in case of ARVI disease?
Stay home and see your doctor urgently. Follow your doctor’s orders, stay in bed and drink as much fluids as possible.
What complications can a coronavirus infection have?
Viral pneumonia is the leading complication. Deterioration in viral pneumonia occurs at a rapid pace, and many patients develop respiratory failure within 24 hours, requiring immediate respiratory support with mechanical ventilation. Prompt treatment can help alleviate the severity of the disease.
What to do if someone in the family is sick with ARVI?
- Call a doctor.
- Give the patient a separate room in the house. If this is not possible, maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from the patient.
- Limit to a minimum contact between sick and loved ones, especially children, the elderly and people with chronic diseases.
- Ventilate the room often. Keep clean and wash and disinfect surfaces with household detergents as often as possible.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water.
- When caring for a sick person, cover your mouth and nose with a mask or other protective equipment (handkerchief, scarf, etc.). Only one family member should take care of the sick person.
Why is it necessary to be in quarantine?
If you have returned from abroad or have come into contact with a sick person, you must quarantine at home for 14 days. This is necessary in order not to spread the infection.
If you were abroad with friends or family, you can observe joint quarantine for 14 days in the same room or apartment.
Why does the quarantine last 14 days?
If a person becomes infected, then within 14 days symptoms of the disease appear: fever, dry cough, difficulty breathing, muscle pain, fatigue. During these 14 days, you can infect other people, so it is important to isolate yourself for the entire 14 days.
What does it mean to be at home in quarantine?
The main condition is not to leave the house for all 14 days, even to buy food and medicine, receive parcels, pay for utilities, and take out the trash.
It is very important to limit contact with your family members and others. If contact with other people does occur, you must wear a medical mask or respirator.
During quarantine, you must:
wash your hands with soap and water before eating, before contact with the mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth, nose, after using the toilet;
regularly ventilate the room and carry out wet cleaning using household chemicals.
You need to buy groceries and goods via the Internet or with the help of volunteers.
Household waste should be packed in double strong garbage bags, tightly closed and put out of the apartment. You can ask friends, acquaintances or volunteers to dispose of this waste.
If you live in an apartment or house with other people, if possible, stay in a separate room. Use separate dishes, linens and towels.
How to keep in touch with family and friends during quarantine?
You can communicate with family and friends by phone or any other means of communication.
What to do if signs of illness appear?
Do not panic, stay calm and immediately report it to the clinic without leaving your home.
How to get sick leave for the quarantine period?
While you are in home quarantine, you are given a sick leave for 14 days. To get sick leave, you do not need to come to the clinic, you can order it by phone and receive it home delivery.
How is medical supervision carried out during quarantine?
All who are in quarantine are under medical supervision. On the 10th day of quarantine, doctors take a swab from the nose or throat.
What will happen to those who violate the quarantine?
If the quarantine regime is violated, a person is placed in an infectious diseases hospital.
How to understand that the quarantine is over?
Home quarantine ends after 14 days of isolation if there are no signs of illness and there is no virus in the swab from the nose or throat.
Remember that by observing quarantine, you take care of loved ones and others, and also help stop the epidemic in the country!
What is the deadline for reporting coronavirus test results?
Check with the place of taking the test, usually 1.5 – 2 days.
How long does the virus last on various surfaces?
From 48 hours, it may take longer in a humid environment. The virus is destroyed within a few hours or several days at room temperature, destroyed under the influence of high (over 27 degrees) temperatures, under the influence of sunlight, disinfectants.
According to Chinese scientists, the new coronavirus can persist for more than 5 days.
Can the test be taken in a commercial lab?
Yes, you can. Information about addresses and the possibility of delivery – in open sources.